Daily Dispatch, Volume 39, Number 49, 26 August 1870 — Page 2

Page PDF (2.26 MB)Locked

This text was automatically generated using Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. It may not have been manually reviewed or corrected.

OCR enables searching of large quantities of full-text data, but it is never 100% accurate. The level of accuracy depends on the print quality of the original issue, its condition at the time of microfilming, the level of detail captured by the microfilm scanner, and the quality of the OCR software. Issues with poor quality paper, small print, mixed fonts, multiple column layouts, or damaged pages may have poor OCR accuracy.

Correct this textLocked

?A* w AUGUST 26, 1870. FRIDAY Al Gravclotte. We publish this morning the New York Tribune's report of the battle at Gravclotte on the 1 8th instant. This report Is quite remarkable for a telegraphic account, and is quite significant of the astonishing enterprise of tho journalism of these days. No man can read this account without having his estimate of the courage and intrepidity of lw>th French and Prussians greatly elevated. The French, as being the belligerent at greatest disadvantage, will excite especial admiration for the bravery, constancy, and military skill with which they maintained their ground and conducted the battle against the odds of two to one. which was still further increased by arrival of a great army under Stf.inmetz towards the latter part of the day's struggle. How the French and those who sympathize with them must deplore from the bottom of their hearts the mismanagement which reduced such heroism, such unfaltering courage, and undying bravery, amidst the dreadful scene of carnage for so many hours, to the vain effort to retrieve fortunes that were lost as it were by default. The grand achievement of the day on the French side seems to have been the successful and orderly retreat to a second line, and the renewal of the fight therefrom with unabated ardor and effect. The French army of Bazaine at Gravelotte has vindicated the French honor and fame. It fought as the French did under Napoleon the First. True, the desperate charges which distinguished that great man's battles seem not to have been made at Gravclotte. We suppose it was not practicable. But such cannonading, with such fearful havoc, we suppose, has rarely been known iu the history of war. The fate of the day evidently was doubtfid until nijrht closed in, and it was settled at last by the reinforcements under Steixketz, who, without the knowledge of the von Moltke, or Bismakck, came in, like Blucb*,.. ^ Waterloo, to turn the tide of war. Such a fight as that Gravclotte the world should think sufficient to ci?vi?u. belligerents to the award of honor ana glory enough, and to end their hostilities. Certainly there was blood and life enough shed there to satisfy any demand. As with duellists, where honor is vindicated by bravery and blood, it is a pity friends could not interfere after such a fight, and end the struggle between nations, and restore peace. It would avoid a world of human affliction.

A Little More China. It >vould seem that the Chinese are apprehensive that the people of the United *t<ites still put a little faith in the late Mr. Burlingamk's champagne pictures of Chinese amiability, loveliness, and admiration ol the cross as a tit ornament for their hills and housetops ; and to blot them out altogether they now add to their murder of Christians, including Sisters of Charity, sundry outrages upon what are distinctively known amongst men as " American citizens." That announcement comes home to us all, even us at the South, who are now, in the language of Mr. lU'FFiNto Mr. Kofes and his colleagues of the Board of Trade, " fellow-citizens.'' "An American citizen has been seized at Tung Chow," and " another, a visitor at Tein-tsing, is missing." That " missing" is a terrible word, as the late " unpleasantness" taught us. Ghost of Bcrlingame ! cana't tliou rest in peace when are paraded before the world these outrages upon the promises you made in the fle?h in behalf of the nation whose ambassador you became at 950,000 per annum? Alas! poor ghost, could you appear, we fear you would 44 a tale unfold" of foul play ? "with the juice of cursed hebenon'' or some other cursed distillment? that would turn your charming stories of the Chinese into curses, and all your love for them into gall. It would indeed be a "pretty go" if, after the grand treaty we have entered into with the long-tails, the Federal navy should have to shell down a few of their towns as punishment for this "indignity" and "missing" business. But a contemporary suggests that Mr. Low, our Minister to China, as " a strong friend and supporter of ?? the late Mr. Bcrlingame, will be natu- " rally inclined to favor the Chinese." "What 1 is Low to follow the late Mr. Burmngamk and turn Chinese Embassador at ?50,000 per annum? "What right has Mr. Low to soften down Chinese outrages because of his friendship for the Buklikgame policy ? Are Americans to be "outraged" and " missing," and, because "Mr. Bukligame said the Chinese rather liked the cross, nothing is to be said about it ? Very well ; General Grant has shown what he will do when he chooses. Low may tall tinder his displeasure, as did Motxey for having a silly policy of his own, and may be sent low down amongst the dead Radicals.

Ship-Building. There is n great dearth of occupation in ship-building at the North, and the national interests are so seriously affected by it. Complaint is general and wide-spread amongst northern people. There is no shipbuilding going on, and if we want ships we will have to buy them from foreign countries. The New York Times states that one steam craft to carry market produce on the North river is the only craft in the hands of New York ship-builders. The Times takes a sad view of the state of this branch of industry, and gravely asks "Is .ship-build-ing to become a lost art ? " It is alarming to observe how useless have become the ship-yards, and still more to learn how the skilled mechanical ship-build-ers have changed their occupations and entered upon modes of life from which it will be difficult to withdraw them, even if a fortunate turn in affairs should make shipbuilding a profitable business. Besides this there are no young mechanics educated in this pursuit, because there have been no apprentices to it for some years. "When the business is resumed, therefore, mechanics will have to be imported. But the Times, with earnestness, deplores the loss of the American ship-builder on the score of his skill and energy. Large numbers of them have emigrated to the West and embarked in agriculture ; others have found occupations in which their skill was useful. The cause of this decline in ship-building is the cheapness of labor in England, with whose shipwrights ours cannot compete. The cost of labor must be reduced, or the hope of the successful resumption of the business will be very slight. The Government will be asked to reduce to the lowest rate of duty, or make free, all articles employed in ship-building. With this and the reduction of prices of labor the business may be resumed. A ship-builder writing in the Times on the subject declares that "there must be a reduction generally " among our own people ; and of course "wages would then have to come down "proportionately." It is true that wages and values of all

sorts were enhanced by war, the people have not yet reached the point of yielding to circumstances and reducing rates of all things until our shipwrights may compete with the British. Our intercourse with Europe is now so intimate that we are brought directly under the effect of the competition in all mechanical industry in that part of the globe. Herein lies the chief cause of the decline of ship-build-ing. Until the American builder can get labor and materials as cheap as the English builder he stands a poor chance in competition. 44 Chiel " is hereby informed that it is our invariable rule to require the name of our j contributors' ? if no other purpose, as a guarantee that the articles are original.! The communications she alludes to as having been published were handed in by responsible parties. Splendid and Frill Description by an Eye-Witness of the Battle of ttravc-lotte-CJ rand Scene s? Immense Slaughter. Telvprajthed to the New York Trlbur.c. THE BATTLE-FIELD. 11 would be difficult to imagine a grander battle-field. From the hill to which 1 had ( been directed by good authority to come, the entire sweep'ots the Prussian and French centres could be seen, and a considerable part of their wings. The spot where I stood was fearful. It was amid ghastly corpses, and the air was burdened with the stench of dead horses, of which there were great numbers. I was standing on the oattle-field of the Kith -the Prussian side thereof. On tbe left stretched like a silver thread the road to Verdun?to Paris also? for the possession of which this series of battles had begun. It was between the lines of poplars which stood against the horizon on my left ; and on, :is far as the eye could reach, to ward Metz, with military- regularitv, strung on this road like beads, were the pretty villages, each with its church tower, all of which are reallv only a hundred yards apart, although they have separate names ? Mars-La-Tour, Flavigny ? a little south of the road, VionviUe, Kezonville, and Gravelotte, which is divided into Great and Little Gravelotte. On my right were the thicklywooded hills behind which lies the most important village of the neighborhood which I had .iust left? Gorze. So environed was the foreground of the battle, which should, [ one would say, be called the battle of Gravelotte, for it was mainly over and around that devoted little town* that it raged. The area I have indicated is perhaps four miles square. m I SrECTATORS OF THE BATTLE. I arrived iust as the battle waxed warm. Tt was about noon of the 18th. The headquarters of the King of Prussia were then at the spot which I have described. The great representative men of Prussia, soldiers and statesmen, were standing on the ground watching the conflict just begun. Among them I recognized the Kins, Bis-! marekj General von Moltke, Prince Frederick Charles, Prince Carl, Prince Adalbert, and Adjutant Kranski. Lieutenant-General Sheridan, of the United States armv, was also present. At the moment the French were making a most desperate effort to hold on to the last bit of the Verdun road? that between Kezonville and Gravelotte, or that part of Gravelotte which in some maps is called St. Marcel. The struggle was desperate, but unavailing, for every one man in the French army had two to cope with, and their line was already beginning to waver. Soon it was plain that this wing (the French right) was withdrawing to a new position. This was swiftly taken up under cover of \ continuous lire of their artillery from the heights beyond the village. The movement was made* in good order, and the position, which was reached at 1 o'clock and thirty minutes, would, 1 believe, have been pro*nounced impregnable by nine out of ten military men. When once this movement had been effected, the French retreating from the pressure of the Prussian artillery tire, and the Prussians as rapidly advancing, flic battle-tield was no longer about Kesoiiville, but had been transferred and pushed forward to Gravelotte, the junction of the ' wo branching roads to Verdun. The liclds in front of that village were completely covered by the Prussian reserves, and interminable' lines of soldiers were steadily marching onward, disappearing into the village and emerging on the other side of it with /laming volleys. THIS SECOND BATTLE-FIELD

i*ns loss extensive than the first, and rought tlio opposing forces into fearfully lose quarters. The peculiarity of it is that consists of two heights, intersected by a eep ravine. This woody ravine is over WO 1 ?et deep, and at the lop some SOU yards wide, he side of the chasm next to Gravclottc, t here the Prussians stood, is much lower turn the other side, which gradually ascends :> a great height. From their commanding mincnce the French held their enemies lirly beneath thom, and poured upon hem a scorching lire. The French guns rcre in position far up by the Metz road, lidtlon and covered among the trees. There kas not an instant's cessation of the roar. Easily distinguishable amid all was the cuious" grunting roll of the mitrailleuse. The 'russian artillery was posted to the north nd south of the village, the guns on the utter, side being necessarily raised (or an iwkwai;d half vertical fire. THE CARNAGE. The French stood their ground and died ; he Prussians stood their ground and died, >oth by hundreds? I had almost said thousands. This ToY an hour or two that seemed mes, so constant was the slaughter. The tiill where 1 stood commanded chiefly the conflict behind the village and to the south of it. The Prussian reinforcements coming up on their right, tiled out of the Bois des Ognons, and it was at that point as they mulched on to the tield that one could perhaps get the best idea of the magnitude of :his invading army now in the heart of France, 'there was no break whatever for. four hours in the march of men out of that wood. It seemed almost as if all the killed and wouuded revived aud came back and marched forth again. Birnam "Wood advancing to Dunsinane Hill was not a more ominous sight to Macbeth than these men of General Goeben's anny to Bazaine, shielded as they were by the woods till they were fairly within range and reach of their enemies' guns. So the French must have felt ; .or between 1 and 5 o'clock they concentrated upon that *pot their heaviest tire, massing all available guns and shelling the woods unremittingly. Their lire reached the Prussian lines and tore through them, and though the men were steady, it was a test to which no general cares" to subject his troops long. They presently swerved a little from that line of advance, and there was no longer a contiguous column of intantry pouring out- of those woods. THE PKU8S1AN8 RECEIVE A CHECK. The attack of the Prussians in the centre was clearly checked. About 5 o'clock, however, a brigade of fresh infantry was again formed in the wood and emerged from its cover. Once out from under the trees, they advanced at double-quick. I watched their movement. The French guns had not lost the range of the wood, nor of the ground in front. Seen at a distance, through a powerful glass, the brigade was a huge serpent bending with the undulation of the .field. Uut it left a dark track behind it, and the glass resolved the dark track into falling tud dying and dead men. As the horrid significance of that path, so traced, came upon me, I gazed on more.intentlv. Many of those who had fallen leaped up again, and ran forward a little way, striving still to go on with their comrades. Of those who went backward instead of forward there were few, though many fell as they painfully endeavored to follow the advance. I do not know whether, after the Tain efl'ort of that brigade, another movement was attempted from within the wood. But half an hour afterward great numl^ere of troops began to march over the hill where I was standing, and moved forward toward { the field where so hard a struggle had been so long protracted. These also were, I think, a portion of General Goeben's troops who had been directed upon a less dangerous route. TIMELY ARRIVAL OP STEINMET2. The battle from this 'poiut on the Prussian left became so fierce that it was soon lost to us, or nearly lost, by reason of the >moke. .Now and then the thick cloud would opon a, little and drift away on the wind, and then we could see the French sorely tried. To get a better view of this part of tho field I went forward about half

A Snlte, an&firom this net^Rnd-poteffoutui mygel/notfUtr from MalSaison. The French Hne on the hill* was still unbroken, and to . al! appearance* they were hating the besfc of the battle. But this appearance was due,perhaps, to the fact that the French were 1 more clearly visible in their broad height, I and lighting with such BinguIaTobstinacv. ? They plainly silenced a Prussian battery J now and then. But the Prussian line also was htrengthened hy degrees on this northern point. Infantry and artillery were brouqht up, and from far in the rear, away seemingly in the direction of Verncville, shot and shell began reaching the French ranks. These were the men and these were the guns of Steinmetz,- who there and then effected his junction with the army of Prince Frederick Charles, and completed the investment of .Metz to the northwest. With reinforcements for the Prussians thus continually arriving on both sides of the field, the battle grew more and/more obstinate. There could be no doubt that the French well understood the moaning of the new movements of the Prussians, and of the uradual development of their line to the north. THE PBEXCH OUTFLANKED. Steinmetz was able to extend his line gradually further and further until the French were outranked and began to be threatened, as it appeared, with un attaek on the rear of their extreme right wins*. So long as the smoke from the Prussian guns hovered only over their front, the French clung to their position. The distance from headquarters to where the Prussian flank attack stretched forward was great, and, to add to the difficulty of clearly seeing the battle, the darkness was coming on. I know not how long the P'rench held out, nor at what precise moment the Prussian onset became irresistible. "What I saw was this : The .puffs of smoke from the French guns mingled with the Hashes, brightening as the "darkness increased, receded gradually. The pillars of cloud and flame trom the north as gradually and steadily approached. With that advance Ibe French tire every moment grew more slack. It was not far from 9 o'clock when the ground was yielded finally on the north, and the hist shots fired on that terrible evening were heard in that direction. ANXIETY AT HEADQUARTERS. But to go back now to the movements of the King and those with him lit headquarters. The King's face, as he stood gazing upon the battle-field, had something almost plaintiff in it. lie hardly said a word, but 1 noticed that his attention was divided between the exciting scenes in the distance and the dismal scene nearer his feet, where they were just beginning what must yet be a long task? to bury the French who fell in Tuesday's battle. On them he gazed silentlv, and, I thought, sadly. j Count Bismarck* could not conceal his excitement and anxiety. If it had not been ; for the King the Count would clearly have gone forward where the fighting was. Uis towering form was always a little in advance of the rest. When the French completely gave up their hold upon the road up to Gravellotte the horses ol the headquarters' party were hastily called, and the entire partv mounting, with the King at their head, dashed down to a point not very far from the village. Then shouts and* cheers arose and followed them wherever they passed. A CAVALRY CHARGE. A little after 4 o'clock a strange episode occurred. From the region where Steinmetz wns supposed to be, a magnificent regiment of cavalry galloped out. "They paused a moment at the point where the Conflans road joins that to Metz. Then they dashed up the road toward Metz. This road between Gravelotte and fct. Huberts is cut through the hill, and on each side of it rise cliffs from forty to sixty feet high except at the point where it traverses the deep ravine behind the village. When it is remembered that at the time the culminating point to which that road ascend3 was held by the French, it will not be wondered at that only half that regiment survived. What the survivors accomplished I do not know, nor could I learn the name and number of that regiment, which seemed to meet its fate j under the eyes of the King. The situation i hardly admitted asking many questions, but their plunge into that deep cut on the hillside, where next day i saw so many of them and their horses lying, was of that brave, unhesitating, unfaltering kind, which is so characteristic of German soldiers, among whom stragglers and deserters seem to be absolutely unknown.

MYSTERIOUS REINFORCEMENTS. T must record also what seemed an inexplicable thing. The army ol' Prince Frederick Charles was lighting hard, and ? uflering, it was only too plain, heavily. From [hVs army division alter division had been In ken and vainly sent against the French ?eutre. A portion of the Prince's numerous reserves had been diminished to an important extent in the engagements of the l-itli and ltith instant. Moreover, a considerable part of his array required rest, and two divisions? one certainly? were in need of reorganization before they could again become efficient on a iield of battle. Vet, at one time, it seemed that every division and brigade and regiment was likely to be called into action. The losses in "the centre and tne massing of great forces for a iresh attack on the French right flank left the Verdun road itself at one time almost uncovered ? the very road for possession of which the Prussians wers lighting. At a moment that for these reasons' seemed critical there appeared on the Held, occupying ground before held by a portion of* the forces of Prince Frederick Charles, a large body of troops. They moved into position under the eyes of the- King, yet neither the King nor any ol his staff could account for their appearance. They passed the point which in the morning had been the Royal headquarters. Their march was begun at the time I have mentioned, and their advance did not cease till dark. But the mystery that hung over them was not dispelled. * Whose was this new army? Whence did it come? The stall" insisted that at the point whence it moved there were, or at auv rate ought to be, no troops of the armies of either fjteinmetz or of Prince Frederick Charles. The rumor began, and spread among the group of men who surrounded the King, that this fresh, mysterious force was a part of the array of the Crown Prince, and that a new junction had been expected. I know of no rea-on to suppose this true. Doubtless the staff soon cleared up the matter to their own satisfaction, but it happened that I was away in auother part of the field before the riddle was solved. That there ever could have been any doubt about the identity of so great a body of men arriving on so great a battle-field illustrates the difficulty with which even the most emiuent ollicers follow the movements of forces over broken and wooded ground. I no longer wondered that to me the same task was almost an impossibility. In any event, it cannot be doubted that the presence of that large body of men made itself felt upon the fortunes of the field. They were visible to the French as well as to us. Here was another example of the moral effect that may be and so often is exerted in battle by masses of men whose presence is known to the enemy, but who may not fire a shot in the actual conflict. From their line of march it was clear that the divisions were" finally posted a little in the rear and on the left of the Prussian centre at the time when the attacks so long directed against the kev of the French lines had ceased? in fact, had failed for the time. It was possible that the French, having suffered far less in holding their ground than the Prussians in attaclang, might have advanced in their turn -and undertaken a vigorous offensive movement. If they had any such purpose, it is not unlikely that they abandoned it on sight of the Prussian reinforcements. Instead of advancing, the French now contented themselves with the mere occupation of the ground to which earlier jn the day they had been driven back. At no time did tjiey seriously strive to regain the westernmost line of hills which had been theirs in the morning. At no time did they rocoverorseek to recover, by any vigorous forward movement to the junction of the roads at Gravelotte. From 7 to S the weight of the battle tended more and more to the north of the road. There was a lull, the meaning of which the French failed apparently to interpret. By 7 they may have believed themselves partly victorious. They were still perhaps in condition to ronew on the morrow the struggle that jhaiLzone on all day for that fated road from Metz to Verdun. If they bad not gain&tftSie road or the battle they had not clearly )bst the1 latter. ,Tvvo hours later they had lost both. A BLAZING HOUSE ILLUMINES THE FINALE. A little before eight a largo white house

oiH-he height beyond (iyavelofcte caught fire. I It seemed through tbefrtoom to be a church. Its gpire grew Into flames, and ft vast black cloud of smoke arose, con trusting strangely with the white mnoke of --the bottle. 51 ore and more picturesque grew the whole field. As evening fell the movements of the troops could be followed' now "by the linfetf of Are that ran flickering along the front of a regiment as it went into action. Tongues of flre pierced tlu*ough and illuminated the smoke out of the cannons' mouths, and the fusees of the shells left long trains of tire like falling sftirs. No general likes fighting by night in ordinary circumstances, for chance takes then the place of skill ; but the flanking movement on the French right had been resolved on bv daylight, and it was the necessity of moving troops to a great distance over difficult exound which delayed its execution and brought about what seemed a renewal of the battle after the day was done. A NIUHT ATTACK../ ?_ To leave the French ra their positions during the night would have been to imperil the plan on which the Prussian commander had resolved. So from 8 or 3J4 to 9 the decisive blow was struck. When the battle of Gravelotte had actually ended we knew that the Prussians held the strong heights beyond the Bois rie Vaux, which command "the surrounding country to the limits of artillery range from Metz ; we knew that two great Prussian armies lay across the only road by which Bazaine could march to Paris for its relief, or for his own escape ; we knew that a victory greater than that of Sunday, and more decisive than the triumph of Tuesday, had been won. We believed that the French army, which had fought as valiantly and as vainly as before, was now hopelessly shut up in its fortress. As I went back to the village of Gorzc to pass the night I turned at the last point to look upon the battle-field. It was a long earth-bound cloud, with two vast tires of burning building at either end. The day had been beautiful so far as nat ure was concerned, and the stars now looked down in splendor upon a work of agony and death such as no one could ever wish to see again. Democrat ok Nothing ? A Story for the Enquirer. ? The venerable editor of the Mobile ftcgister and his young attendant, the editor of the Montgomery Mail , remind us of the good Sir Florismart and the youthful Rolando who got jistride of a hypogritf and went out into a forest of Brittany to hunt turkey-cocks. They swore both jointly and separately that they would have turkeycock or nothing. They found none. The woods were cleared of turkey-cocks. They starved a whole month in order to keep their vow of turkey-cock or nothing. At last Sir Florismart, who grew faint and weak with hunger and age, says : " Rolando, don't you think we had better come down to a robin ?v But Rolando, who was yet strong and hearty, replied : "By the blood of the holy billy-goat, never." So, as the legend runs, Sir Florismart lay down and died, and some benevolent ladies caaie along and resuscitated the gallant Rolando with bits of bread and butter. ? Louisville Courier-Jour-nal.

Hod. W. D. Keiley, the leading Radical congressman from Pennsylvania, having been asked l?y the workingmen or bis district bis opinions on the Chinese question, replies that he is opposed to Chinese importation, but not to Chinese immigration. ( His opponent opposes both, and will probably be elected. Forney says: "And m taking that position he is in "harmony with the Republican party, and with the purpose of his life. The simple habits, wonderful endurance, and instinctive skill, of that interesting people would be most welcome." Let the negroes call out Porter on this question. Fike at Brooklyn Navy-Yard. ? New York , August 23.? A tire 111 the pattern shop of the navv-yard, Brooklyn, to-night, damaged machinery and patterns valued at 8100, 000. Origin of the lire unknown. Marshall and Trabue have withdrawn from the contest for Congress in the Seventh district of Kentucky, leaving the race between Beck and Talbot. The late Regent, Prince Kung, like another ruler we all know of, waded to the throne through a river of blood.? New York Times. Does the Times refer to General Grant? An old Conservative iroose, on hearing of the Republican defeat in the recent election, walked eight miles to Newborn for the purpose of reclaiming some slaves who left him in 1803. He didn't get. them, and returned home damning such- a victory as that \?Gol(lsboro ' (X. V.) News. MAKKIED, On Wednesday afternoon tha 2Kb instant, at lite residence of the bribe's tattler, by R*v. M. W. Wilson, tlic Rev. \V. W. W'?OD, of Henrico, to Miss MAIUA G. B\SS of this city. i>? El>, In Mineliester, on the 23th instant, Mrs. MARG > RET WINSTON, In the forty- seventh 3 ear of her ape. Iter funeral will take place T11IS MORNING at 10 o'clock f om the rcsiden e of v.r. J. It. Pollard, comer of Twelfth and Ham bridge street?. The friends of the family are respeetiully Invited to attend. PROFESSION Alt CARDS. Dr. chase havingIseturned to the city, can Ue found at Ills residence, No. 17 Fiftli strtet. a u 20? lm T\R. ORIARD, formerly of Paris, now president of the Allopathic and Homoeopathic College of New Orleans, will make Richmond his residence for some months, In order to perfect himself In the IngUsh language. He has taken an office at No. 217 G -VERNOR STREET, and oilers his services to those wlio may be sulTerln>< from DISEASES OF THE EYE, that havlug been his specialty, and in which htr I lias been highly successful, both In l'arls aud lu New Orleans. Office liours from lo A. M. to 1 1'. M. Jy 29? lm* J^TEW YORK HERALD CORPS OF EUROPEAN WAR CORRESPONDENTS. SPECIAL CABLE DISPATCHES DAILY, giving the MOST RELIABLE WAR NEWS that can he obtained on this continent. We have special correspondents moving with each division of the opposing forces of France and Prussia, and news agencies in the principal capitals? LONDON, PARTS, BERLIN, MADRID, VIENNA, and FLORENCE~eo that nothing of an Important news character escapes our vigilant representatives. Our news agencies in the principal cities of Europe, and our system of travelling corrcspondents, have been long established, a fact the readers of the HERALD have no doubt become familiar with, and as our letters from all parts of the eastern hemisphere for years past have fully proven. Wc Co not pretend that onr comments npon the war, or that our opinions upon the probable success of either belligerent in contemplated movements, come by the cable. Our only aim Is to give to the rubllc the fullest, the most reliable, and. the most authentic record of facts as they occw tn the grand operations of the contending armies. THE NEW YORK DAILY HERALD will be furnished to subscribers at the rate of ONE DOLLAR PER MONT?L~ . THE WEEKLY HERALD; will be tent by mall for TWO DOLLARS A YEAR. ? j - J. G. BENNETT, j ' au 26? eo;J3t Editor and Proprietor." 7 TITERCHANTS AND MECHANICS 1YX BANKING AND. INSURANCE COMPANY? Books of subscription to, the capital stock of the MERCHANTS AND MECHANICS BANKING AND INSUKA>CE COMPANY will be opened on MoNi?AY,-2?th .Sep'.emb?r, 1870, at the office ot Edward Cohen, at the southwest coroetof Main and Fourteenth streets, Klchmond, Va. By order of the Corporators ! ' - JAMEa H. GARDNER, au 2ft.-i36thgep ? Cbaloman, TO"LO AN .?Any one wishing 10 barrow mot?ey-~t tbo r^tdiOF li per cent, per ^n nam can g?t97,77S?asH whale, or In amounts not less thnn *50o. For farther particulars, call at the offlee of Messrs. LYNK A BROTHER* ltf? Mala street, Must be city real estate. rftt 2? lw

8F**aAJu a****#**- ML?! Q?jf SPECIAL NOTICE.~The attention of til" trade IS requested to the CARGO SALE of LIVERPOOL FINE SALT, consisting of Worthington and j. Hlglnp standard brAUda, In prime clean order, at oar warehouse, commencing at 11 o'clock THIS MORNING. , an 34? It 3. C. TABt)Y & CO. AST FULL-WIDTH BLEACHED and UNBLEACHED COTTON SHEETING at 35c. per yard : PILLOW-CASE LINEN. 40 Inches wide, at 50c. : Good BLEACH F.D and UNBLEACHED COTTON at 8J, 10, 121, 15, 1C3, and 20c., the beat if ? ' i . ? " I goods for the money ; , Excellent IRISH LINEN at 35c. worth 45c. ; Genuine French-wove LINEN SHIRT-BOSOMS at 25c. worth 10c. ; BLEACHED and UNBLEACHFD HUCKABACK atlGjc "worth 25c., going fast ; Pure LINEN TABLE-CLOTHS, full two yards long, at $1 worth $1.50 ; COLORED TABLE DAMASK, the best manufaetnred, at $1.50 per yard ; COLORED DOILIES, superior quality, at ?l.5o per dozen; PIQUES at.very low price? some extra heavy for fall wear ; TRAVELLING BAGS, BASKETS, TRUNKS, and SATCHELS ; UOR8ETS, RIBBONS, GLOVES; New style FALL CALICOES; ? WHITE FLANNEL, pure wool, at 25, 3", 35, 40, and 5uc. per yard? all very cheap ; UI'KItA FLANNELS In all colord at LEVY BROTHERS', 1213 and 1215 Main street. COTTON YARN, all Nos., at *1.75 per bale or bundle of five pounds ; UNBLEACHED KNITTING COTTON at (Mr. per pound. an 23 (EST ONLY A FEW DAYS MOKE TO purchase DRK.SS GOODS at reduced price*. A g'od assortment yeton hand. Great bargains cau bt htd. LEVY BROTHERS, 1213 and 1215 Main street. COTTON YARN, all Nos., at i 1.75 per bundle of five poun'ls. KNITTING COTTON, CO cents per pound. uu 25 (52T TUCKED, PUFFED, AM) SIIIRRr D MUSLI VS, for waists, at 50 and 60 cents per yard worth $1, at LEW BROTHERS', 1213 and 1215 Main street. COATS' S SPOOL C'JTTON, 80 cents p^r JoZ'jTI. an 25 ?3T HEMSTITCHED HAND K E R - CHIKFS, warranted all pure Linen, at *2 per lozen, at LEVY BROTHERS', 1213 aud 1215 Main street. Look at the 10c. CALICOES worth 12Jc. au 25 COTTON YARN, all numbers from 1 1'? 12, at $1.75 per bale or bundle of five pounds ; UNBLEACHED KNITTING COTTON at 00c. pgr pound at LEVY BROTHERS'. Excellent SPOOL COTTON, warranted 200 yards, at 50c. per dozen. au 25 AST BRIDAL OR HONEY-COMB LILTS, large worth $2.50, at QUILTS, large enough for the largest bed, at $1.60 ' LEVY BROTHERS', 1213 and 1215 Main street. 10-1 LINEN SHEETING, full width and pure I tnen , at uoc. per yai d a u 25 uar AT COST.? As 1 intend to change my business by the 1st of cept-mber, I will sell iny entire stock AT COo T, consisting of WOODWAKE, FANCY GO* f I > -?. TOiS, VIOLINS, AOCORDEONS; also, sHOW-CASES and COUNTERS. JOHN" HAKROLD, au20-6t 817 liroad street.

AST THE SULTRY SEASON.? The summer months ?-<re toe, and as usual bring a lorg tra il of diseases- many danfirerous and fattl. It is tlic setson when nature o*n do little In reeuoeratintr our sxliau tid strength. and when we are requiredto roiilfy our phvs que agjunsr. the d*n.'??js arUinir from the universal prev 'lencv of | ?sickness. The only tr>ie safeguard Is tint pure and reliable tonic and invlgoritor MISH-. EK'Sl UKRB BITTER S which Is endorsed and recomncuded by the me let' faculty and by unnumbered thoiis ttd' of persons in every city, town, and village In the oou-try. who have tested Its rem- dial virtues, and ov It - aid preserved or re-ove-ed their health It will purify the blood and -ecretions ; cure every f' -r.ti of indigestion, and afford lmmed'atc relief >u cases of dvs ntsr-, ooPc, cholera, cholera morbus. and kiudr? d diseases. Provide yourself nnio pgalnst a time of I 'teed. Delays are often daug-uui. Prieo one doll <r per bottle. Sold by all druggists, an 22- eod&wlw 3ST THE SEASON OF EXHAUSTION. The close, sultry weather which usually prevails toward the end of summer is particularly unfavorable to the feeble and enervated. Even the well-knit frames of strong men feel t!-,e lnuflence of the season, and lassitude and iangor per v?de the whole community. Ladles, especiallv those In delicate he llth, suffer much from dtbillty. occ tsloned bvthe humid heat, and feci the want of | a wholesome invigorant. In fact, a neces?it\ for ?iomethlng to recrutt the exhausted system is experienced more or less by everybody, and the only question is ichat that somethinf/ ictll be. With those who bave tested the effect of HOSTRTTER'S SToMA.cn BITTERS on themselves, or have observed its effect on others, this question will nc-t be In donbt for a 3lngle moment. Its tonic and remlating operation 3tid its airency in creating a healthy appetite and promoting digestion are lightly classed by all who have resorted to this toequalled vegetable lnvlgjrant and corrective among the mist extraordinary therapeutic wonders of modern timet!. It should be taken at this reason as a safeguard against the epidemic dls eas>*6 which am so apt to attack tue reUxed system in the fall of the year. i As it is understood that mercenary speculators In various parts of the country are endeavoring to supersede ihe standard tonic of the a*re wlin worthless articles manufactured by themselves, which they represent to be superior to this longtried remedy, It Is prontr to put the public on ttielr gaord-agalnst tills species of Imposition, and to warn them againtt th- deleterious trash with which dishonor ?oIe dealers seek to drench them, au 22? eod&wlw 3 ?T RATCHELOR'S HAIIl DYE.rhis splendid HAIR DTK is the be3t In the world ; the only true and perfect dye; harmless, reliable, instantaneous ; no disappointment ; no ridiculous Unts ; remedies the 111 effects of bad dyes ; invigorates and leaves the hair soft and beautiful black or brcicju Sold by all drmcirfsts and perfumers, and properly applied at BATCHELOR'S WIG FACTORY, No. 16 Bond ctreet, New York, jo 2? eodlyr DISCIPLES' CHURCH (SYCAMORE), ELEVENTH STREET BETWEEN BROAD AND MARSHALL.? I'reacblnj* on 6VERY LORD'S DAY at 11 A. M. and 8 P. JL Slder J. A. DEARBORN, paetor. Prayer meeting on WEDNESDAY EVENINGS at 8 P.M. ieats fre*. , Parsonage, 408 Twelfth street. my 7 OWSOLrTIONSJt PABTSERSHIPS. Dissolution ' of co-pa rtne rSiHIN? The firm of JON'ES, BKOWN & C<>., is this day. dissolved hy the death of Mr. WILLIAM B. JONES. RICHARD L. BROWN and T. WILLIAM PEMBKRTPN. the surviving partners, are alone authorized to settle the business of the late firm. All ppreons having claims against the late Arm if JONE8/jBR0WN & CO., are requested to present them rff the undersigned for payment. All nersnnH Indebted- to the lite Arm of JONES, BROWN A CO., are requ-sted to come forward and settle their accounts without delay. * RICHARD L. BROWN, ... T. WHXIAM PEAJBEKTOV, ' J surviving partners. Richmond, Va., August 18th, 1870. \TEW CO-PARTNERSHIP.? The imJLi dersignod hav&tnliday formed aco-partner-shl o under the syle of BROWN. PEMBtchTON & CO. for the purpose of conductlnga GENERAL WHOLESALE GROCERY A*D LIQUOR BUSINESS In the city of Richmond. >? ? i As successors or <he late Arm .of Jones, Brown & Co.. the' solicit the pac*oungeor th? friends or Jhe late concern and tLo public generally, . - " K. L. BRoWN,- ... 7i V T. WILLIAM PEMBERTQN, . .-.v.*. ... D.O.DAVIS/ ? ' < - . RICIIMOND, YA.t AOfcntf;.JL8>187Qv au tit. MAURY'S TOOTH-BRUSHES just received by 1 POWHATAN F. DFPUY, an 33 Apothecary, 437 Broad street. D

ifoncra. :>IS THE TI3IE TO PROCURE DRY; GOODS? AVAIL YoUtcE ^jl3El>RTUl?ITY-.CLOSlVG UU'i aAb". ai A. QOLlfBACS'y,? deternjlnertuot to cwrrovermy stock from one setson to another, i sb?il for the next fourteen days, sell the remainder of my aplendtd stock of Summer Goods at and below coat, after which time they will be closed onf. at aucSlon in ordgr to make room for a larye and complete assortment of fall and winter goods. I have Just opened 5,ooo yards of yard-wide bleached cotton which I am selling at the very low price of 10}c. Calicoes fast color <. f ir*h. 10. and 12ic. Lilian towels, 10c. Linen handkerchiefs, Sc. Hlack sllki, from $1.25 up. These goods are very low. Also. Irish linens, shirt fronts, flannels, cambrics, Swiss and other white goods ; ladle*', "gent's, and children's hosiery; and every other stvle and qnilltyor goods to be f mrt'i in any first -class drv Broods establishment, which we arc offer! ig at prices which cannot fail to please. Remember the place, and give me a call before purchasing elsewhere. i A. GOLDBACK, 607 Broad street, t an 13 between Sixth and Seventh. (EST AUGUST 2, 1870.-T. R. PRICE & Co. have Just opened Snperlor 12-4 LINE* SHEETINGS*. IRISH LINENS (all pure linen and best makes), BLEACHED and BROWN COTTON, COTTON SHFETINGS, PILLOW CCJTTON, BLACK and COLORED LAWNS, C0K8ETS, all grades. M0TRNING GOODS: BLACK TAMESE, BLACK BOMBAZINES, IRON GRENADINES, CHALLIES, BLACK CRAPE CELLARS, BLiACK and rt HITf; PRINTS, &c? Ac. NEW FANCY PRINTS constantly arriving. SPECIAL. DRESS-GOODS now on hand, such as FANCY SILKS, JAPANESE SILKS, COLORED MOHAIRS, MOZAMBIQUES, POPLINS, LENOS, CULOitED GRENADINES, sold off without regard to cost. Buyers at retail or wholesale are invited to call. The ELEGANT AND SPACIOUS ROOM over their store recently occupied by the New York -teamshlp Company is offered for rent. Its location f<>r any kind <>t business Is unequalled in the city? Jusi wlwrc all best city und co untry tr ?le is centreing. An OFFICE in b:<si ment'aiso for rent. T. R. PRICK & CO., 1101, corncr Main and Eleventh streets, au 2 nearly opposite pobtoflice.

(jST S P E c i a;l notice. Iii order to make room lor FALL SUPPLIES I will sell from now until the 1st of September my entire stock of FRESH, FASHIONABLE, AND DESIRABLE GOODS AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES, and Invite an examination of the same by all In want of REAL BARGAINS IN DRY GOODS. a All goods strictly adapted to SUMMER WEAR will be closed out regardless of COST. JOnN" N. WOODFIN, No. 1117 MAIN 8TI1EET, I take pleasure in announcing that Mr. James E. Buhress is again with me. and I unite wltji him In extending a cordial Invitation to his numerous friends to continue the patronage hitherto so generously accorded him. JOIIN N. WO')PFIN. au 9? lm 1117 Main street. Berlin-, July30, ih7o. Q?tT LATEST DISPATCH FROM V,l$MtiKOK? t.?rdortnjf G '? ' L l> B C K, No. 007 "road street, to put his I)iY GOODS down LoWEK TaAN I VKK. tn ord< r to make ruoin for his FA..L STOCK ; which order he reluctantly . complies with, as he h is always sold his goods lower linn the lowest; but belinr a sub'ect ofj l,rucsia,he obeys the mandate, and is now oiler ink' ! bis well-selected s*o< k ol" S 1," M M E R DRY 1 GOODS, embracing every stvle and variety of STAPLE and FANCY DkY GOOLS to be found in any lirst-class establishment, at prices which defy competition. Cull and be convinced fur yourselves that the cheapest store to be found in the city Is HOLDBACK'S. I have received today more of thos* astonishingly-cheap Linen H iidkerclllefs at Sc.. Lmeii Towels at 10c., and other goods proportionally low. I am acent for ROBERTS'S CELFB <ATi* 1) P A KA1I () L A N?-EOLKS, formerly kept by William N. Bell & Co. Rem: mber tae place. A. GOLDBaCKV, No. 007 Broad street, an 1 between Sixth aud Seventh, "j CLOTfllKU.

QLOTHING CAN BE FOUND OF ALL, KINDS, QUALITIES, AND SIZES, FOR A FEW. DAYS LONGER, * at the old stand of WILLIAM I Ji A SMITH, an 25 1308 Main street. JQRESS CLOTHING. MY STOCK IS VERY COMPLETE, and win be offered to the public at astonishingly low prices, in tne regular way, at the corner of Main and Tenth streeuu WILLIAM IRA SMITH, 1010 Main street. Baldwin's old stand. au 'i5 DRVeS, MEI?IC1?I >?, ??. ______ | DUPUY'S KISSINGEN WATER sold at Spotewood Hotel and at T. E. DUPU1 'S Drug Store, au 22 No. 427 Broad street. O LEAD-NO SULPHUR. i ? EGYPTIAN HAIR COLORING restores the color of the hair lost by age, sickness, or any oilier cause. .No stain to the skin or most delicate fabrlvk. ? A colorles* liquid, and, we think, the very be>t in use. Surpasses all others for Ita promptness. A fresli supplv Just received and for sale by S. K. I) -Vfe. N HU 16 A T WOOD & SONS' NEW DRUG ? STOKE can be found the FINEST HAIK kRUSHES, Ctil.'Hi.NK WATERS, EXTRACTS. L A VE N D KR and other SC E NT ED WAT E RS, POMADES. TOOTH-BRUSHES COMBS. COSMKUCS, T( rOTH-Wrt SILKS and POWDERS, &?., and A chaice s'^ck of FRESH and RELIABLE MEDICINES and CHEMICALS. WOOD 4 SONS, Apothecaries and Druggists, au 10 Ninth and Main atrteta.

GaRNETT'S compound VEGETABLE B1TTKBS. An excellent tonic in all cases of dPblHty. It lnvifforatea appetite, etreiitftbeus digest oo, ex- | cites action of the liver, regulates the bowels, re- 1 vivos the ?ptrIts.jandtspeedUv i^torw health, Prepared and sold by Dr. JOllN H. GARNErT, Drugclst, >o. 615 Broad street, Richmond, v a. Dohc, bij' viae k'Uss. i'rlcc. 75c. au 1 -3m gLUK LICK SULPHUR WATER. A. supply (In barrels) of this water from, the celebrated BLUE LICK SPttlNGS, Kentucky' Just received direct. This" water Is highly esteemed along the line of the Mississippi and In the southern and southwestern iitatca, where its medicinal virtues are known and appreciated. It 1* almost specific in BILIOUS DIbORDEKS and DYaPEPSlA dependent unon torpid Uvor. and a a a valuable, alterative generally _ PUBCELL, LADD A CO., DruKglsta, jyU 1216 Main street. SI WATCHBS) f EWELBY, *??? DlfioNDH VrAKLS. and PENDANTS? D!r>W 'd oV*UDKI!bV. ??? PKAKL DI^VgAGEMENT, and PLAJ.V GOLD WEDDING KINGS : ' Beautiful NEW NEC'S CBA1N8, StEDAi-iONS - ? ? - ?. r ' SILVER CUPS. GOviL^TB, atfd TlJ^y LI*?G bets, lo ci*m ; Tht?"Z*t&inummcs in blLVl^B, for bridal an ?Awm* p^%?xaWc5A corner Main and Tenth streets. Bole Agenta for tho celebrated DIAMOND fc) b SPECTACLES and EYE-GLASSES. Jy 29

Fust deceived! . FKE?-H CKFAM CRACKERS, FRfcSH LEMON CRACKERS. FrtEba t-IC-MC CRACKERS. _ PKTCE8 REDUCED. i ?ire CI?>E R VINEGAR, Afulllineor SPXCftS. , Pore AVI'LKBRANOr, SrGAR-CURED BKP.AsfTS. FREfeH BUTTER constantly rccehin; at SHIELDS A CARV'S, an 28 (WO Br <nd street. VIRGINIA HAMS AND PINEAPPLE CHEi-SE. an n WILLIAM G PAXDBIDOE A CO. 1 Fresh green and black tea. Fresh ALMoNfn PEC vN NU'IS, HAISIN8, and PRESERVED GINGER. WILLIAM G. I)ANDRTDGK A COan 22 m Broad street. /10FFEES. COFFEES.? Ryo, Laguayra, \j and .f*va Coffees, from 1 tir to choice quality, just received and for s&k by j ?u 22 ROBERT F. fffI,LTAM - ft CO. BACON, BACON.? 2* hotheads Rib hides, CIcir Rtb Sides, und shoulder Bacon ; 10 bores Breast Bacon just received in store and lor s*lc by an 22 ROBKRT F. WILLIAM5* A CO. SUGARS, SUGARS.? 20 hogsheads choice Porto Rico Sugars Just received In store and for sale by au 22 ROBERT F. WILLIAMS A CO. RICE, RICE.? 20 bags prime Rice ju.st received In store ami lors'We by an 22 ROBERT F. W ILMA MS ft CO. CIDER VINEGAR, live gallons for ??'i : A 11 the PI. KLlNG SPICKS, WHITE APPLE BRaNDY for fruits, SPEARS'S FRUlT-PRESfcRVING SOLUTION, SM? K f- D BEEF, BTO.CGVA SAUSAGE, LONDON CRACKERS, Ac. au 13 B. K?i>1>. 717 Broad ctr^f. SUGAR for preserving, M'ICFS for pickling. VINEGAR for pickling. SI'EaRS'S FKUiT-PRESERVING SOLUTION, for Kile by WILLIAM If. TATUM. an 12 Pit Broad sttxtt. SUGARS? CUKA, PORTO RICO, AND O D&MaRARA? for sal by GORDON A CRINGAN. au 10 Pearl Block. I> EF1NED SUGARS -all sra'des-for XY sale by GORDON A CltlNGAV, au 10 Pearl Block. C~ OFFE E? RIO, LAGUAYRA, A N D OLu GOVERN SLE NT .lAVA-for sale by au 10 GORDON & CRINGAN. \TEW FLOUR.? We are now prepared to JL 1 oiler t'> the tr ?de the superior brawls of Manchester Mills FLOUR. These mills have Ju*t been thoroughly rspalrcd with new machinery, etc., and ?-e invite those In wanr of regular orairls and CBOlOb' FLoUR of uniform character to cill and examine our stock. * ? U?>(fERS ft CO.. au 1? 1m Afren'e Manchester Mills. CIDER VINEGAR, a prime article; PIC* LING SPICKS. an 1 GEORGE A. HU^OI EY. WAR KEN'S PINEAPPLE AND OLD DOMINI N aUG ?? R-OUR RD HAM*; B It K AS IS. uid LAUD; SALM< N: ROE, CU r, and GROSfc II - R RINGS. a? 1 GEORGE A. HUNDLEY. HERRINGS, HERRINGS ? 200 barrels new No. I Newfoundland Herrings ; 200 halfbarrels new No. 1 New oundlaud Hernu^s ; for sale In store and to arrive by jy 8 ItOBEKT F. WILLI AA?S^ A CO. _ nc HALF-BARRELS NEW FAMILY MACKEREL, 25 half-barrels new KA8TERN HEHRIN'JS, 50 barrels No. 1 new NORTH CAROLINA HERRINOS. jylfl WAGGONER A HAKVKY. cn BARRELS REFINED SUGARS, ?J\J loo Naps prime Kl> > COFFEE, so bans LAGUAYRA. COFFEE. jy is Waggoner x harvkv. A GREAT REDUCTION IN THE J\ I'KICtt OF G ,OD 1>A, K'-ASTKD C' FFtE, and SDGAR,at J. H. ANTHONY'S Th A sri-KE, 732 Main otreet, three doors .v,ove tbe Sjiotswriod Hotel, on'^t opi><> ltesloe Best'iunpowder, tl.ss : second qu'ltty, **.73. B? st Bl rk Oolong, *1; Japan ?nd i uplu-h B-i'akias', tl Young Hyson and Impeiial 4*1 5<>. Bet-t .Ira Roa# ed Collee. ; Lapu?yra. 35 %; be-t I'.lo, 30c. \Vhi;e CoHee Sutfar, Uc. ; Cut Loaf, l-Jc. Jy n TVTACKEREL, MACKEREL.? No. I, ItJL ;-.o. 2. and No. 3 MACKEREL, Just received In store for sale by ? . j y M rtOBKRT F. WIL!.IAM> Q>. nc FlVE -GALLON* KnGS GOLDEN ZO DRIPS, 10 barrels G?)LD<*. N DUlts, 25 barrels SOUTH W ARK SVRUP, 60 barrels KNIGHT'S hVKUP, in store and lor salcby ? njy iq VV AGGON ICR A 1IAL\ ?

R. JUL). U. WOOD, iKivfnir returm it to the city, e?n by round at his office, on Ninth str<? t -.econd door from Main. TEETH EXT < ACTED WITHOUT I'AlN BY THE All) ??F MTKOUS OXL?fc GAS. Men - bers of the d n C:* I or mcolcal profession wishing the use of the above iris r n b ? accorr niodated. A ItTlFIt l.? I- TEETH mounted In the hU'lic t style of art on an v desir d base. All work guaranteed to give t-ntire satisfaction. an "5 rp A YLOR BROTHERS, DENTISTS, 1112 X Main HTKEaT (over Trlbboil'a confectionery,) extract teeth without, pain ; Inse/t teem an low as it 15. and don't charge f -r extracting. Sensitive teeth tilled without pain. Any tooth tilled with /old, and warranted for life, at TA V Loft BROTHERS', 1112 Main street, Richmond, \a. N. B.? Instruction? lu any br.tnch of dentistry given to the profusion on reasonable terms. iOH JPKCIIIMA KK1 H&. "f^RUITS ! FRUITS!! !S, FINE PE ACHES, FINE PEACHES, M FINE PEARS. FIVE PEARS. ASOKEW I'lZZlNI A Co., jy 13 a07 Broad street. Q ZnniER'S CONFECTIONER V. The undersigned keeps constantly on hand SY HUPS FsjJJ SALOONS AND SODA FOUNTAIN'?, of all desired flavors, at lower rates than they can be purchased elsewhere. IOE-CREAM AND WATER ICES In any quantity and in all their varieties, sad will be delivered free of charge to any part of ti.v city. Plc-nlcs. festivals, and saloons, will be furnished on the most reasonable terms. 1 have alsrv Jn store a large assortment of <'* VDY PRIZE-BOXES, such as '?Shooflr, Don't Bodder Me," cupld Box<^>, and Juggler Bagi, Ac. C. ZliT-tKR, Jc 17 1M3 Main street. TONEY CANNOT BUY IT ! FOR SIGHT IS PRICELESS:! BUT THE DIAMOND SPECTACLES WILL PRESERVE IT. . THE DIAMOND GLASSES, MANUKACTUHKD BY J. E. SPENCER A CO., NEW YORK, which are now offered to the public, are pronounced f?y all the celebrated OPTICIANS ut the world to be the MOST PERFECT. NATURAL. ARTIFICIAL HELP TO THE HUMAN' EYE ever known. They are ground under their own supervision from mlz.ute <r>stxl Pebbles, melted together, and derive their name. DIaMoNP, on account of tbelr hardness and brilliancy. THE SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLE on which they art? constructed brings th-s core or centre ofttic fens directly In front of tbc eye, producing a clear *ud distinct vision sa In the natural. Lui?lttiy sight, and preventing all onpUasaut sensations. such as glimmering und wavering ot sight, dizziness, 4c., peculiar to ail others in use, They are MOUNTED IN THE FINEST MANNER," lu frames of tb? best Quality, of all materials used for that purpose. Their finish and durability cannot be surpassed, CAUTION ? None genuine unless bearing their trade mark, stamped oa every frame, JNQWLAN A CO.. Jewellers and Opticians, are SSjIe Agents for RICHMOND, VA., ' . from whatc.. they con. only be obtained THew gwdj arcnot wppRed. tq pedJy ra fit any j/rtcf . Baxx or Commekce, > FRZDEBICKSBUKG, July 19. 1J7?, 4 VT0TICE..1& iUEREBY GIVEN TO il THE HOLDERS or THE COl'NTLK8IGN1H1D NOTES OF THE RaNK OF COMMERCE that the same must be p ? cs <ip ted for n ~ demotion at par at the olfloe of saltUb-^*. Fred-rlcksburg, Va., or at the bauking-lwU'O <?'! Conway, Gordon Jfc Gamett, In said towu, on or berore the FIRST D\Y OF AUGUST, WU or the --? - ?? ?H?h *11 #lt berore H* luw uai vi - . same will be barred, In conformity ??W?3f??ISraSiS5 tWrc ? "gS&TWr. J. M. HKBXPON. Ca>ble> Jy*3 ^ ? ?? LUMBER AND fS Mjs&B iftkwV&Et ?b*r orcer at short notice, jy uUTui^Oi